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Research in Political Sciences and Administration

Research in Political Sciences and Administration
Research in Political Sciences and Administration
Autor: Cristina Elena RĂDULEA
Editura Lumen
www.edituralumen.ro
www.librariavirtuala.com
Iaşi, 2007
Nr. pag. 106
ISBN 973-166-057-7
Both researchers and politicians are more and more discussing the desirable institutional shape of the Union in terms of parliamentarism and presidentialism. That is, should the EU be a parliamentary or a presidential political system? However, little research has clearly established what kind of political system the EU is, and specific criteria for assessing the European polity in terms of parliamentarism – presidentialism have never been applied. This research paper seeks to find what kind of political system the EU is, by applying Arend Lijphart’s (2000) six criteria for distinguishing between parliamentary and presidential systems. The reason for doing so is that Lijphart’s theoretical framework provides appropriate instruments for assessing the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of a polity, as well as for determining their weight within the system. This research reveals that according to the three primary criteria, the EU belongs to the category of parliamentarism. According to only one out of the three secondary criteria, the EU is a presidential system. Thus, the result of the research is that the European Union is a parliamentary political system, albeit not a pure one.
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